Bylaws

Article 1. Name
The name of this organization shall be the Geomagnetism, Paleomagnetism,
and Electromagnetism Section of the American Geophysical Union.

Article 2. Objectives
(a) To promote the aims and activities of the American Geophysical Union within
the fields of Geomagnetism, Paleomagnetism, and Electromagnetism.
(b) To promote the scientific study of Geomagnetism, Paleomagnetism, and
Electromagnetism and to make the results of such studies available to the
public by (1) scientific discussion, publication, and other dissemination of
information, and (2) by sponsorship of scientific and technical symposia,
colloquia, and meetings.

Article 3. Membership
(a) Types of members are as defined in Article 3 of the Union Bylaws.
(b) Members of the Section shall be all classifications of Union members who
indicate an interest in affiliation with this section.
(c) A Union member who becomes an inactive member of the Union shall also
become an inactive member of the Section.
(d) Any member of the Section who ceases to be a member of the Union shall also
cease to be a member of the Section.
(e) All Section members who are classified under Article 3, Sections 1, 2, or 3,
of the Union Statutes are entitled to vote and are eligible to hold office in
the Section.

Article 4. Administration and Officers’ Duties
(a) Officers — The officers of the Section shall be a President,
President- Elect, and a Secretary. The officers shall be members under Article 3,
Section 1, 2, or 3, of the Union Statutes.
(b) Term of Office — The Section officers shall serve a two-year term,
without honorarium, coincident with the term of the Union Officers. The
President shall not be eligible for election as President-Elect immediately
following the term as President. The Secretary’s term may be renewable. As
specified in Article VII, Section 2 of the Union Bylaws, vacancies that occur
between terms may be filled by the section executive committee; however, in the
case of a vacancy in the office of section president, the elected section
president-elect shall automatically succeed to the office of section president,
followed by the full term as section president that would otherwise have been
served. An appointed section president-elect shall not automatically become
section president, but may be a candidate for that office during the subsequent
election cycle. If a vacancy occurs in both the section president and
president-elect positions they may be filled by the section executive committee
for the remainder of the term and the subsequent election shall be for both a
section president and president-elect.
(c) Executive Committee — The Section shall have an Executive Committee
which shall include the President, President-Elect, Secretary, and immediate
Past President, an Early Career representative, a Student Representative,
the Fluxline Editor, the webmaster, and—at the discretion of the
President—one at-large member chosen by the President.
(d) Duties of the President — The President shall preside at meetings of
the Section and of the Executive Committee. The President shall appoint members
to Section committees and task groups and have the power to withdraw
appointments made while in office or by previous Presidents, subject to
approval of the Executive Committee. The President shall be an ex-officio
member of all Section task groups or committees. The President shall be a
voting member of the Union Council and shall attend, or appoint an alternate to
attend and vote, at all Council meetings. The President shall develop agendas
for the GPE Executive Committee meetings and for business meetings of the
section.
(e) Duties of the President-Elect — The President-Elect shall assume the
duties and powers of the President, at the request of the President or in the
absence or incapacity of the President. The President-Elect shall be a voting
member of the Union Council and shall attend, and vote, at all Council
meetings. The President-Elect shall have such other powers and duties as may be
assigned by the Section President. The President-Elect shall succeed the
President at the end of the President’s term of office. The President-Elect
shall be chair of the GPE Fellows and Awards Committee. The President-Elect
shall be chair of the GPE Nominations Committee.
(f) Duties of the Secretary — The Secretary shall prepare the official
minutes of all meetings of the Section and of the Executive Committee; a report
of the meetings should be published on the GPE website in a timely manner.
The Secretary shall handle all general correspondence of the Section;
maintain and distribute an accurate list of task group and committee members,
addresses, and year of appointment; issue notice of all Section and Executive
Committee meetings; conduct letter ballots for the Section; receive and disburse
funds as authorized by the Executive Committee of the Section and Council
of the Union; in the absence of a designated alternate, the Secretary shall
represent the absent President at Council meetings (or the President-Elect
if not serving for the President); and perform such other duties as may be
delegated by the Section President. Traditionally, the Secretary has also served
as the section’s program representative to the Fall Meeting Program Committee.

Article 5. Nomination and Election of Section Officers
(a) Nominations — At least six months before the general election, a
Nominations Committee composed of at least three Section members shall be
appointed by the Section President, subject to approval of the Executive
Committee. The Chair of the Nominations Committee shall be the
President-Elect. The Nominations Committee shall submit to the Section
President a slate of at least two nominees for each elective office in the
Section and the President shall submit that slate to the Union Council at least
four months before the Union’s general election. Election procedures
subsequently follow Union Bylaws Article VIII “Nomination, Election, Voting and
Removal”.

Article 6. Divisions, Committees and Task Groups
(a) Divisions — The Section may be subdivided into Divisions. Proposals
for a new Division or discontinuance of an existing Division may be made by any
Section member but must be approved by the Section’s Executive Committee and by
the Union’s Council. The Section shall elect appropriate officers for each
Division.
(b) Committees — The Section may have administrative and technical
committees. Proposals for a new committee or discontinuance of an existing
committee may be made by the Section President, subject to the approval of the
Section’s Executive Committee. Each committee shall consist of a chairman
appointed by the President, with advice of the Executive Committee, and at
least two members appointed by the President, with the recommendations and
advice of the committee chairman. Committee membership should be distributed
geographically and organizationally to the maximum extent possible. The term of
office of all committee chairmen shall not extend beyond the term of office of
the appointing President, but a committee chairman may be reappointed by an
incoming President for another term. In the interest of some continuity of
activities, the committee members should be appointed to definite terms such
that the terms of only one-half of the members expire each two-year interval.
(c) Task Groups — Special task groups may be appointed by the President
to undertake particular projects of limited duration. The term of appointment
normally should not extend beyond that of the President but the term may be
extended if necessary to bring the project to completion.

Article 7. Meetings
(a) The Section may hold as many section meetings, or Executive Committee
meetings, and at such locations, as may be deemed desirable
by the Executive Committee, but at least one Annual Business Meeting
shall be held per year. Administrative and technical committee and task groups
may hold as many meetings as they need to maintain their objectives and
assignments. At least 30 days advance written notice shall be given for the
Annual Business Meeting and at least 15 days advance written notice shall be
given for Executive Committee or other committee and task group meetings.
Specialty meetings dedicated to the pursuit of a specific scientific subject
may be sponsored, subject to approval of the Council of the Union.
(b) A quorum for all business meetings shall be those present at the meeting. A
quorum for the Executive Committee and other committee and task group meetings
shall be one-third of the total membership of these committees or task groups.

Article 8. Publications
The Section may publish a newsletter and other items of interest to its
discipline. However, the type of publication and the means of financing same
shall be approved by the Union’s Executive Committee.

Article 9. Bylaws, Adoptions, and Amendments
(a) Adoption — New Bylaws may be adopted by the same method as is
provided for the amendment of Bylaws.
(b) Amendments — Any voting member of the Section may propose an
amendment to the Bylaws. Such a proposal shall be presented to the Section’s
Executive Committee. The Section’s Executive Committee is empowered to accept
or reject the proposed changes. In case of conflict with the Statutes and
Bylaws of the Union, the Union takes precedence over the Section.

Article 10. Parliamentary Authority
Robert’s Rules of Order shall be followed except as otherwise specified in
these Bylaws.

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